Accounts

When the built-in plugin kinto.plugins.accounts is enabled in configuration, it becomes possible to manage accounts via a new resource /accounts.

Via this endpoint, users can sign-up, modify their password or delete their account. Administrators configured in settings can manage users accounts.

Setup

Details about accounts configuration are given in the settings section.

Basically, you can check if the accounts feature is enabled if it is mentioned in the "capabilities" field on the root URL.

Authentication

Accounts are defined using a username and a password, and uses Basic Authentication.

For example, once the bob account has been created (see below), you can check if authentication works using the root URL.

$ http GET http://localhost:8888/v1/ --auth bob:azerty123
GET /v1/ HTTP/1.1
Accept: */*
Accept-Encoding: gzip, deflate
Authorization: Basic Ym9iOmF6ZXJ0eTEyMw==
Connection: keep-alive
Host: localhost:8888
User-Agent: HTTPie/0.9.8
HTTP/1.1 200 OK
Access-Control-Expose-Headers: Alert, Backoff, Content-Length, Retry-After
Content-Length: 448
Content-Type: application/json
Date: Tue, 21 Mar 2017 14:40:14 GMT
Server: waitress
X-Content-Type-Options: nosniff

{
    "capabilities": {
        "accounts": {
            "description": "Manage user accounts.",
            "url": "http://kinto.readthedocs.io/en/latest/api/1.x/accounts.html"
        }
    },
    "http_api_version": 1.16,
    "project_docs": "https://kinto.readthedocs.io/",
    "project_name": "kinto",
    "project_version": "6.1.0.dev0",
    "settings": {
        "batch_max_requests": 25,
        "readonly": false
    },
    "url": "http://localhost:8888/v1/",
    "user": {
        "id": "account:bob",
        "principals": [
            "account:bob",
            "system.Everyone",
            "system.Authenticated"
        ]
    }
}

Create account

PUT /accounts/(user_id)
Synopsis

Creates a new account.

Anonymous

Example Request

$ echo '{"data": {"password": "azerty123"}}' | http PUT http://localhost:8888/v1/accounts/bob --verbose
PUT /v1/accounts/bob HTTP/1.1
Accept: application/json, */*
Accept-Encoding: gzip, deflate
Connection: keep-alive
Content-Length: 36
Content-Type: application/json
Host: localhost:8888
User-Agent: HTTPie/0.9.8

{
    "data": {
        "password": "azerty123"
    }
}

Example Response

HTTP/1.1 201 Created
Access-Control-Expose-Headers: Backoff, Retry-After, Content-Length, Alert
Content-Length: 165
Content-Type: application/json
Date: Tue, 21 Mar 2017 14:30:14 GMT
Etag: "1490106614601"
Last-Modified: Tue, 21 Mar 2017 14:30:14 GMT
Server: waitress
X-Content-Type-Options: nosniff

{
    "data": {
        "id": "bob",
        "last_modified": 1490106614601,
        "password": "$2b$12$zlTlYet5v.v57ak2gEYyoeqKSGzLvwXF/.v3DGpT/q69LecHv68gm"
    },
    "permissions": {
        "write": [
            "account:bob"
        ]
    }
}

Alternatively, accounts can be created using POST. Supply the user id and password in the request body and remove user id from the URL. The following request is equivalent to the example PUT call:

$ echo '{"data": {"id": "bob", "password": "azerty123"}}' | http POST http://localhost:8888/v1/accounts --verbose

Note

Depending on the configuration, you may not be allowed to create accounts.

Note

If the accounts validation is enabled, you might also need to provide an email-context in the data:

$ echo '{"data": {"id": "[email protected]", "password": "azerty123", "email-context": {"name": "Bob Smith", "form-url": "https://example.com/validate/"}}}' | http POST http://localhost:8888/v1/accounts --verbose

Change password

PUT /accounts/(user_id)
Synopsis

Changes the password for an existing account.

Requires authentication

Example Request

$ echo '{"data": {"password": "qwerty123"}}' | http PUT http://localhost:8888/v1/accounts/bob --verbose --auth 'bob:azerty123'
PUT /v1/accounts/bob HTTP/1.1
Accept: application/json
Accept-Encoding: gzip, deflate
Authorization: Basic Ym9iOmF6ZXJ0eTEyMw==
Connection: keep-alive
Content-Length: 36
Content-Type: application/json
Host: localhost:8888
User-Agent: HTTPie/0.9.2

{
    "data": {
        "password": "qwerty123"
    }
}

Example Response

HTTP/1.1 200 OK
Access-Control-Expose-Headers: Backoff, Alert, Content-Length, Retry-After
Content-Length: 165
Content-Type: application/json
Date: Tue, 21 Mar 2017 17:11:58 GMT
Etag: "1490116321096"
Last-Modified: Tue, 21 Mar 2017 17:12:01 GMT
Server: waitress
X-Content-Type-Options: nosniff

{
    "data": {
        "id": "bob",
        "last_modified": 1490116321096,
        "password": "$2b$12$c12ui4O/z9gmVpGe1NMG2.Sb4zdw9p20oka2Seg3Xqq9rDpNR5HoW"
    },
    "permissions": {
        "write": [
            "account:bob"
        ]
    }
}

Delete account

DELETE /accounts/(user_id)
Synopsis

Deletes an existing account.

Requires authentication

Example Request

$ http DELETE http://localhost:8888/v1/accounts/bob --verbose --auth 'bob:azerty123'
DELETE /v1/accounts/bob HTTP/1.1
Accept: */*
Accept-Encoding: gzip, deflate
Authorization: Basic Ym9iOmF6ZXJ0eTEyMw==
Connection: keep-alive
Content-Length: 0
Host: localhost:8888
User-Agent: HTTPie/0.9.2

Example Response

HTTP/1.1 200 OK
Access-Control-Expose-Headers: Backoff, Alert, Content-Length, Retry-After
Content-Length: 66
Content-Type: application/json
Date: Tue, 21 Mar 2017 17:18:14 GMT
Etag: "1490116696859"
Last-Modified: Tue, 21 Mar 2017 17:18:16 GMT
Server: waitress
X-Content-Type-Options: nosniff

{
    "data": {
        "deleted": true,
        "id": "bob",
        "last_modified": 1490116696859
    }
}

Manage accounts

It is possible to configure administrators in settings. They will be able to manage others users accounts.

For example, create somebody else account:

$ echo '{"data": {"id": "sam-body", "password": "else"}}' | http POST http://localhost:8888/v1/accounts --auth admin:s3cr3t

List accounts:

$ http GET http://localhost:8888/v1/accounts --auth admin:s3cr3t

Or delete some account:

$ http DELETE http://localhost:8888/v1/accounts/sam-body --auth admin:s3cr3t

Validate accounts

When the account_validation option is enabled in the settings, account IDs need to be valid email addresses: they need to match the regexp in the account_validation.email_regexp setting. The default one is very generic, but you may restrict it to only allow certain emails, for example only ones from a specific domain.

To make sure the account_validation is enabled, you can check if the validation_enabled flag is true in the "accounts" field on the root URL.

POST /accounts/(user_id)/validate/(activation_key)
Synopsis

Activates a newly created account with the account_validation option enabled.

Anonymous

Example Request

$ http POST http://localhost:8888/v1/accounts/[email protected]/validate/2fe7a389-3556-4c8f-9513-c26bfc5f160b --verbose
POST /v1/accounts/[email protected]/validate/2fe7a389-3556-4c8f-9513-c26bfc5f160b HTTP/1.1
Accept: */*
Accept-Encoding: gzip, deflate
Connection: keep-alive
Content-Length: 0
Host: localhost:8888
User-Agent: HTTPie/0.9.8

Example Response

HTTP/1.1 200 OK
Access-Control-Expose-Headers: Content-Length, Retry-After, Backoff, Alert
Content-Length: 195
Content-Type: application/json
Date: Mon, 21 Jan 2019 13:41:17 GMT
Server: waitress
X-Content-Type-Options: nosniff

{
    "id": "[email protected]",
    "last_modified": 1548077982793,
    "password": "$2b$12$zlTlYet5v.v57ak2gEYyoeqKSGzLvwXF/.v3DGpT/q69LecHv68gm",
    "validated": true
}

Resetting a forgotten password

If the account_validation option in the settings has been enabled, a temporary reset password may be requested through the endpoint available at /accounts/(user id)/reset-password.

POST /accounts/(user_id)/reset-password
synopsis

Request a temporary reset password for an account with the account_validation option enabled.

Anonymous

Example Request

$ http POST http://localhost:8888/v1/accounts/[email protected]/reset-password --verbose
POST /v1/accounts/[email protected]/reset-password HTTP/1.1
Accept: */*
Accept-Encoding: gzip, deflate
Connection: keep-alive
Content-Length: 0
Host: localhost:8888
User-Agent: HTTPie/0.9.8

Example Response

HTTP/1.1 200 OK
Access-Control-Expose-Headers: Backoff, Alert, Retry-After, Content-Length
Content-Length: 62
Content-Type: application/json
Date: Fri, 08 Feb 2019 14:04:15 GMT
Server: waitress
X-Content-Type-Options: nosniff

{
    "message": "A temporary reset password has been sent by mail"
}

Note

You might also need to provide an email-context in the data to fill in the holes of the email template defined in the settings:

$ echo '{"data": {"email-context": {"name": "Bob Smith"}}}' | http POST http://localhost:8888/v1/accounts/[email protected]/reset-password --verbose

Using this temporary reset password, one can update the account providing the new password.